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When looking at the different investment options, it is likely not surprising to learn that various types and levels of investments are available. One of the more well-known advanced investment opportunities are hedge funds. In its most basic terms, a hedge fund uses liquid assets and is commonly considered to be one of the more advanced investments available. Before deciding to invest in hedge funds, it is essential to learn more about how they work. 

How Do Hedge Funds Differ From Other Investments?
While hedge funds have similarities to other investments, there are many important differences to understand. Unlike mutual funds, which is another option for new investors, hedge funds are typically considered to be a more aggressive approach and may come with additional risks. Hedge funds allow more flexibility in the types of investments one makes and may require strong investing knowledge. This is why experts typically recommend hedge funds to those who are more experienced with complex investments. 

Characteristics of Hedge Funds
Given the higher complexity of hedge funds, there are a few characteristics that set them apart. The first unique characteristic of hedge funds is the net worth of the investor. Hedge fund investors typically require a higher income to qualify. Investors must have at least $1 million in net worth or have an income of at least $200,000 in the last two years. This ensures that investors are able to make financial adjustments as needed. 

Another key characteristic of hedge funds is the increased flexibility with the type of investments available. Unlike mutual funds, which typically focus on stocks and bonds, hedge funds have a number of investment options available. Hedge fund options may include real estate, derivatives, or currencies. The approach that an investor takes will depend on their portfolio and overall financial goals.

Hedge Fund Strategies
Given the different options available with hedge funds, it is crucial to understand the most commonly used strategies. A long-short equity approach is one option, and it refers to the use of potential upside and downside price movements. This is a great option for investors interested in stocks that are either undervalued or overpriced. Other options for hedge funds include market neutral, volatility arbitrage, and merger arbitrage. 

To learn more about hedge funds and if it is the right investment option, visit Chad Kagen’s monthly blog at